With battle lines shifting, foreign interference growing, thousands fleeing their homes, and COVID-19 cases on the rise, time is running out for bringing a peaceful end to the conflict in Libya, United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres warned on Wednesday.
Briefing the Security Council, the UN chief described the context in Libya as “gloomy” and urged the international community to seize every opportunity to unblock the political stalemate.
“Time is not on our side in Libya,” he told a video-teleconference meeting of the council that featured statements by several foreign ministers.
“The conflict has entered a new phase, with foreign interference reaching unprecedented levels, including in the delivery of sophisticated equipment and the number of mercenaries involved in the fighting.”
Since the council last discussed Libya in May, he said, military units of the UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) — “with significant external support” — have pressed eastward in their offensive against the oppositional so-called Libyan National Army (LNA), commanded by Khalifa Haftar.
The situation on the frontlines has mostly been quiet since June 10, with GNA forces 25 km from the Mediterranean coastal city of Sirte, he said.
But the UN is very concerned by an alarming military build-up around that city, as well as “a high level of direct foreign interference” in violation of a UN arms embargo, Security Council resolutions and commitments made at the Berlin International Conference on Libya six months ago, he said.
Meanwhile, almost 30,000 people have been forced to flee their homes due to continuing fighting in Tripoli’s southern suburbs, laid siege to by the LNA more than a year ago, and Tarhouna, bringing the total of internally displaced persons in Libya to more than 400,000, he said.
Between April 1 and June 30, the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) documented at least 356 casualties, including 102 civilian deaths and 254 civilian injuries — a 172 percent increase compared to the January-to-March period.
COVID-19 is a cause of growing concern, the secretary-general added, with a seven-fold leap in cases in June alone that brought the total number of confirmed cases to 1,046, with 32 deaths.
“Amid acute shortages of testing kits, the true scale of the pandemic in Libya is likely to be much higher,” said Guterres, who strongly urged the Libyan authorities to strengthen the nation’s capacity to combat the virus.
Going forward, the secretary-general said the UN would keep working with the parties to reach a ceasefire and resume a political process to end a crisis of warring factions, and economic collapse, despite the country’s large oil reserves, that is now is in its 10th year.
He added that the UN stands ready to help Libya secure and investigate mass graves discovered when GNA forces retook control of Tarhouna, a former Libyan National Army stronghold about 100 km south-east of Tripoli.
Guterres acknowledged that the Government of National Accord is calling for national elections, but he cautioned that prospects for Libya-wide polls are fragile, given military developments and support from external backers. (Xinhua/NAN)